May 25, 2013 Self Defence Action Reaction

The thing about self defence is there is always a price to pay. What is meant by a price to pay well to use an Albert Einstein’s third law of motion “For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. The statement means that in every interaction, there is a pair of forces acting on the two interacting objects. In simple terms the price will be determined by if you repel the attacker which is the most favourable outcome or you lose.

Usually before an attack happens it has three parts:

(1) Pre-Conflict, usually, any given conflict does not just occur, but there is a build up which eventually leads to full escalation of the attack.

(2) Conflict, This involves the open, and full escalation of the conflict, the major characteristics of this phase is the violence directed towards the selected victim.

(3) Post-Conflict, This is when the situation is resolved in a manner that there is an end to the violent confrontation, decrease in tension and return to normality.

Strategically, there are different measures of intervention for prevention of violence at different levels:

Pre Conflict

(a) Proactive measure – being aware of your surroundings – i.e.. the opportunities so that the threats are diminished. The prevention of conflict is effected when the warning signs have been assessed and followed by an appropriate early self defence response from the potential conflict situation. Learning some basic self defence. With personal self defence you don’t have to become a black belt to protect yourself or your loved ones.


(b) An action/reaction plan to tackle the aggressor with physical force to affect a successful self-defence, to counter an immediate threat of violence or assault. Such force can be either armed or unarmed. In either case, success will depend on a large number of factors, related to the severity of the threat on one hand, but also on the physical, mental and taking a proactive approach towards self defence.

Post Conflict

(c) The ordinary person in the street needs to know how to identify and monitor conflict indicators as well as how to respond to those signals. Every one has a stake in conflict prevention. This is the challenge for us all as we work to prevent conflict in society.


Written by Sam Markey



I just completed the level 1 kapap course, I’ve been doing different types of martial arts and self defence for many years, and I was very impressed with the course.

Sam took the 5 day course, his knowledge and style of teaching made everyone comfortable which made the learners learn the kapap techniques more easily.

The system covers a wide variety of techniques both empty hand aswell as weapons, single attacks to multiple attacks, the kapap leaves no stone unturned. I would recommend it to anyone.

Jimmy Kelly

The KAPAP ethos of family, no bull and big ego’s is positively refreshing to say the least. Sam has an amazing amount of knowledge and I have nothing but admiration for his teaching style.

Since starting my own small KAPAP club in Great Yarmouth support from Sam and other members of the KAPAP UK community has been absolutely brilliant and I can’t thank them enough for this.

Brett Mackenzie